Inicio NOTICIAS The dangers of the Palestinian statehood gambit at the United Nations

The dangers of the Palestinian statehood gambit at the United Nations

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If accepted, the Palestinian action would further destabilize the Middle East and undermine the foundation of the peace process. Ultimately, it might trigger the continuation of a vicious cycle of violence between warring Palestinian factions and an increase of terrorist attacks against Israel.
Despite these dangers, the PA’s efforts have gained political traction in many capitals throughout the world, including some in Europe and Latin America, by creating the mistaken perception that Israeli policies have prevented progress towards a negotiated solution, despite far-reaching offers by six Israeli governments to reach a peaceful arrangement between the two sides. Moreover, UN endorsement of the Palestinian bid would destroy the very framework that this institution has and supported in every round of peace talks between Arabs and Israelis since 1967.
For Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, who will soon end his political career, this is a legacy issue. He wants to leave Palestinian politics having made a positive contribution, from his point of view, to his own people. However, not all Palestinians think the vote is a good idea, including Prime Minister Salam Fayyad. He would much prefer a negotiated solution because he understands that a unilateral declaration might be the death knell for the statehood project.
While endorsement by the UN General Assembly would only be symbolic and cannot change any legal reality on the ground for Israel or the Palestinians, there are dangers for Israel. Just imagine the fallout from a headline such as ‘Palestine Endorsed on 1967 Borders with capital in Jerusalem’ in thousands of international newspapers.
The World Jewish Congress has made its position on this matter clear by affirming our commitment to a negotiated resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on the principle of a Jewish state for the Jewish people and a Palestinian state for the Palestinian people, living side by side in mutual recognition, peace and security.
Such an outcome can only be achieved through direct negotiations and not unilateral actions. Since 2009 the Palestinians have refused to negotiate, believing they could use the international community to extract concessions from Israel.
As US President Barack Obama made clear in his speech in May 2011 at the State Department a just and lasting peace is possible only through a negotiated approach that involves mutual concessions and mutual negotiations as mandated by the UN since 1967.
Dan Diker is secretary general of the World Jewish Congress (WJC).

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